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Public sector organizations with group health plans should be aware of changes to Affordable Care Act (ACA) requirements that take effect in 2021.
Check your plan’s cost-sharing limits:
- Review your plan’s out-of-pocket maximum to make sure it complies with the ACA’s limits for the 2021 plan year ($8,550 for self-only coverage and $17,100 for family coverage).
- If you have an HSA-compatible high deductible health plan (HDHP), keep in mind that your plan’s out-of-pocket maximum must be lower than the ACA’s limit. For 2021, the out-of-pocket maximum limit for HDHPs is $7,000 for self-only coverage and $14,000 for family coverage.
- If your plan uses multiple service providers to administer benefits, confirm that the plan will coordinate all claims for essential health benefits across the plan’s service providers, or will divide the out-of-pocket maximum across the categories of benefits, with a combined limit that does not exceed the maximum for 2021.
- Confirm that the plan applies the self-only maximum to each individual in the plan, regardless of whether the individual is enrolled in self-only or family coverage.
Affordability of Coverage
Under the ACA, an applicable large employer’s health coverage is considered affordable if the employee’s required contribution to the plan does not exceed 9.5% of the employee’s household income for the taxable year (as adjusted each year). The adjusted percentage is 9.83% for 2021.
Penalties for ACA Reporting Violations
Employers that fail to comply with the Section 6055 or Section 6056 reporting requirements may be subject to reporting penalties for failure to file correct information returns and failure to furnish correct payee statements. The penalty amounts have not been released yet for 2021. Continue to use the 2020 penalties for now:
Employer Shared Responsibility Penalties
The penalty amounts for employer shared responsibility rules (pay or play) for 2020 and 2021 have been adjusted. The amounts will be increased as follows:
- For the calendar year 2020, the adjusted $2,000 amount is $2,570 and the adjusted $3,000 amount is $3,860.
- For the calendar year 2021, the adjusted $2,000 amount is $2,700 and the adjusted $3,000 amount is $4,060.
Health FSA Contributions
The annual pre-tax salary reduction contribution for a Health FSA for 2020 is $2,750. The 2021 limit has not yet been announced. Stayed tuned to our blog to learn when the new contribution limit is released.
- Once the 2021 health FSA limit is announced, confirm that your health FSA will not allow employees to make pre-tax contributions in excess of the limit for the 2021 plan year.
- If the 2021 limit is announced too late for your open enrollment, you can use the 2020 limit to ensure compliance.
- Communicate the health FSA limit to employees as part of the open enrollment process.
Download our 2021 ACA Compliance Checklist for detailed information. Employers should review these changes and make sure that they are still compliant.
National Insurance Services is not a law firm and no opinion, suggestion, or recommendation of the firm or its employees shall constitute legal advice. Readers are advised to consult with their own attorney for a determination of their legal rights, responsibilities and liabilities, including the interpretation of any statute or regulation, or its application to the readers’ business activities.